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Ocean Basic Act

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Ocean Basic Act
Date:2020-04-03
Unit:Department of Planning
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ocean Basic Act

The Executive Yuan established the Ocean Affairs Council on April 28, 2018, in order to integrate the planning, coordination, and promotion of related marine policies and also to take charge of marine and coastal guarding and marine conservation and research. Therefore, the Ocean Affairs Council is responsible for the integrated planning, deliberation, coordination, and promotion of overall ocean policies and basic laws and regulations. After its establishment, the Council formulated the Ocean Basic Act (Draft), which integrated domestic ocean related laws, policies, and marine affair.

Establishment of the Ocean Basic Act (Draft) is the government’s declaration of its overall ocean policy and means for integrating ocean affairs. After inviting government agencies at each level as well as scholars and experts to discuss the Ocean Basic Act (Draft), the Ocean Affairs Council submitted the draft of the Ocean Basic Act to the Executive Yuan on September 12, 2018, for review. The Executive Yuan called for three cross-ministerial review meetings, which took place on November 22 of the same year, March 19, 2019, and March 27, 2019. The draft was approved during the 3648th meeting of the Executive Yuan on April 25 and was sent to the Legislative Yuan, where it passed third reading on November 1. The Law consists of 19 articles in total. It was submitted on November 20 to the President, who mandated the promulgation.

Highlights of the legislation of the Ocean Basic Act are:
  • I.To introduce basic ocean development rules, including environmental friendliness, sustainable development, reasonable and effective utilization of resources, and international exchange and collaboration.
  • II.To centralize and integrate the responsibilities of respective competent authorities regarding the ocean, enact laws and regulations on the spatial planning of the ocean, and coordinate marine use and co-opetition.
  • III.To take part in regional and international cooperation in honor of the principles of being peaceful, reciprocal, and protective of our national ocean rights and beliefs.
  • IV.To define marine pollution prevention and control solutions in order to strengthen the momentum in preventing pollution, promote marine restoration, and protect the marine environment.
  • V.To combine taxation and financial systems and formulate policy ensuring robust development of the marine industry, helping develop domestic talent and the industrial chain. To respect, maintain, conserve the marine heritage, and reinforce public awareness, kindness, and love of the ocean.
  • VI.To include important knowledge about the ocean as part of the national basic education and training program for public officials in promoting universal marine education.
  • VII.The government shall plan marine protected areas with an approach based on ecology and be devoted to restoring the marine ecology and related natural links as well as protecting the rights and interests of original marine users.
  • VIII.Budget to support ocean affairs shall be extensively appropriated, and educational institutions, the marine industry, non-governmental organizations and individuals shall be subsidized and recognized. The central government may also set up the Ocean Development Fund.
  • IX.The National Ocean Policy White Paper is to be released within a year following implementation of the Ocean Basic Act. Governments at all levels shall cooperate by discussing the policies and administrative measures within their jurisdiction.
  • X.June 8 is made National Ocean Day.
  • Visitor: 340
  • Update: 2021-02-23
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